Chestnut Comparison Chart

 ChinkapinJapaneseChineseEuropeanAmericanHybrids
Picturechinkapinleafsketchjapaneseleafsketchchineseleafsketcheuropeanleafsketchamericanleafsketchhybridleafsketch
Leaf taper to stemstraightcurvedcurvedcurvedstraightBe aware that all chestnuts can cross-pollinate, so that the chestnut you are trying to identify may actually be a mix of two or more different types of chestnuts, known as a hybrid.

We can attempt to identify your chestnut, if you are unable to do so, by means of a leaf and twig sample.

Please press one or two fresh leaves between cardboard with a 4-6 inch twig. Do not use plastic unless it is perforated or the leaves will mold. Crushed and bent leaves will not be in good enough condition to positively analyze.

Mail to:
Kendra Collins
New England Regional Science Coordinator
Northern Research Station, US Forest Service
705 Spear Street
South Burlington, VT 05403
Leaf taper to tipstraightcurvedcurvedcurvedstraight
Teeth1-3 mm, small, sharp, no hooktiny, often only bristles, no hooklarge or small, not pronounced or hookedbig, sharp or rounded, no hook6 mm, big, sharp, and often curved (hooked)
Undersidesun leaves hairymany large dots (glands), sun leaves hairysparse dots, sun leaves hairymany small dots, sun leaves hairy on some specimens but not othersmany small dots, sun leaves not hairy, long sparse hairs only on midrib
Twighair tips, purplepink to light red, large white lenticelshairy tips, tan to pea green, large elliptical yellow lenticelsstout, dark brown, small white lenticelsslender, smooth, hairless, reddish brown, small white lenticels
Bud3 mm, downy dark red, pointed, longer than wide, sticks out from stemglossy brown, as long as it is wide (rounded)hairy, tan, dull brown to black, rounded and flat against stemdark red, fat and globularlong 6 mm, smooth, reddish brown, pointed or longer than it is wide, sticks out from stem
Nut1 nut,

1/2 tip pointed with a round cross section
2-3 nuts,

1-2 in.
2-3 nuts,

3/4-2 in.,

rounded hairy tip, sunburst pattern
2-3 nuts,

1-2 in.
2-3 nuts,

1/2-1 in.,

pointed tip, top 1/3-2/3 downy, sunburst at base
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Blight resistanceslightmoderatehighslightnone